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5th Annual Meet on Obesity and Diet, will be organized around the theme “”
Obesity-Ann-2020 is comprised of keynote and speakers sessions on latest cutting edge research designed to offer comprehensive global discussions that address current issues in Obesity-Ann-2020
Submit your abstract to any of the mentioned tracks.
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Obesity is as abnormal fat accumulation that presents a risk to health. Overweight and obesity is major risk factors for a number of chronic diseases which includes diabetes, cardiovascular diseases and cancer. The cause of obesity has many factors such as gender, genes, age, over weight psychological makeup, environmental factors and socioeconomic makeup. Certain medical conditions and medications can promote or cause obesity, although these are much less common causes of obesity than inactivity and overeating. Obesity caused due to imbalanced Diet, high calories diets (high fatty foods) especially in the night, or skipping a healthy breakfast and eating more junk fast food, all of that increase the body fat.
- Track 1-1Morbid obesity
- Track 1-2Exogenous Obesity
- Track 1-3Endogenous Obesity
- Track 1-4Obesity on Maternal Complications in Pregnancy
Obesity has adverse metabolic consequences which includes insulin resistance, changes in metabolic rate, altered adipocytokine secretion, abnormal lipid metabolism, and fat accumulation in visceral organs.etc. The metabolic syndrome, consist of insulin resistance, often culminating in β-cell failure, impaired glucose tolerance and type 2 diabetes, dyslipidemia, hypertension, and premature heart disease. Metabolic syndrome is a cluster of conditions that occur together, which increases the risk of heart disease, stroke and type 2 diabetes. These conditions include high blood pressure, high blood sugar, excess body fat around the waist, and abnormal cholesterol or triglyceride levels.
- Track 2-1Metabolic obesity
- Track 2-2Pathophysiology of obesity
- Track 2-3Epidemiology of Obesity
The root of obesity ethology is imbalance between dietary energy intake and energy expenditure. Healthy diets along with physical activity are key to good nutrition and necessary for a long and healthy life. Unbalanced intake of foods high in sugar/starch and fat but low in essential nutrients commits to energy excess, overweight and obesity. Healthy diet includes high protein diet, low fat diet and low glycaemic diet.
In the event that a man's body weight is no less than 20% higher than it ought to be, he or she is viewed as corpulent. On the off chance that your Body Mass Index (BMI) is in the vicinity of 25 and 29.9, you are viewed as overweight. On the off chance that your BMI is 30 or over you are viewed as fat. Obesity has different types like Endocrinal and hormonal obesity, Causes and consequences, Childhood obesity, Obesity during Pregnancy, Control of obesity, Weight management, advanced treatment for obesity.
- Track 3-1Lifestyle of Obesity
- Track 3-2Food safety assessments
- Track 3-3Chemicals affecting food safety
Many morbidly obese people desire to consume food more when compared to their reserves and their need. Hunger hormone called ghrelin was found more frequent in obese patients. The weight loss plan normally implies the intake of vitamins for fitness or weight-management motives. Individual dietary selections can also be greater or a lot much less healthful. , the hypothalamus integrates a number of peripheral signals which modulate food intake and energy expenditure. Hormones, such as peptide YY, pancreatic polypeptide, glucagon-like peptide-1, oxyntomodulin, and ghrelin, are modulated by acute food ingestion.
- Track 4-1Weight loss medication
- Track 4-2Healthy Diet Prevent Weight Gain
A nutritional deficiency happens when the body doesn’t get sufficient nutrient food or absorb nutrient taken in the form of food. Deficiencies will result in a variety of health issues. Obesity causes vitamin D deficiency, a nutrient that helps the body absorb calcium, which is essential for healthy bones, the nutritional recommendations has mainly helped in prevention of diseases. Diet and physical activity are the most difficult exposures to assess in observational research and are plagued by considerable measurement error. These will embrace digestion problems, skin disorders, scrubby or defective bone growth, and even dementia. A person can be overweight and still be malnourished. This can be due to having a diet consisting of food and drink that's high in fat and sugar but low in essential vitamins and minerals.
- Track 5-1Malnutrition
- Track 5-2Nutrition in Prevention Diseases
- Track 5-3Fast Foods and Obesity
Obesity patient have multiple genes that predispose them to gain excess weight. One such gene is the fat mass and obesity-associated gene (FTO), the presence of these genes causes increased hunger levels, increased caloric intake, reduced satiety, and reduced control over eating, increased tendency to be sedentary, increased tendency to store body fat. Gene and genome-wide association studies have led to the discovery of nine loci concerned in Mendelian forms of obesity and 58 loci contributes to polygenic obesity.
- Track 6-1MOMO syndrome
- Track 6-2Prader–Willi syndrome
- Track 6-3Bardet–Biedl syndrome
- Track 6-4Cohen syndrome
- Track 6-5Alstrom syndrome
- Track 6-6Carpenter syndrome
- Track 6-7Ubinstein-Taybi syndrome
Obesity increases the risk of developing cardiovascular disease, particularly heart failure and coronary heart disease (CHD).The mechanisms through which obesity increases cardiovascular diseases risk involve changes in body composition that may affect hemodynamics and alters heart structure. Pro-inflammatory cytokines produced by the adipose tissue can induce cardiac dysfunction and can promote the formation of atherosclerotic plaques .
- Track 7-1 Heart Failure and Coronary Heart Diseases
- Track 7-2Cardio-respiratory fitness
- Track 7-3Cardiovascular Impact Adipose Tissue
- Track 7-4Obesity Paradox
Diabetes is an associated disorder characterized by chronic high blood glucose levels due to the body's failure to produce enough insulin to regulate high glucose levels. There are 2 types of diabetes. Type1 diabetes, which often arises in adolescents, is caused by the body's inability to make type2 diabetes, which occurs as a result of the body's failure to react properly to insulin. Links between obesity and type 2 diabetes. It is known that factors of developing various types of diabetes mellitus. For type 2 diabetes, this includes being overweight (having a body mass index - BMI - of 30 or greater). Overweight is increasing the chance to developing the common type of diabetes, type 2 diabetes.
- Track 8-1Diabetes mellitus
- Track 8-2obesity, insulin resistance
- Track 8-3Adipose Tissue Dysfunction
Obesity can be associated with several endocrine alterations arising as a result of changes in the hypothalamic-pituitary hormones axes. These include hypothyroidism, Cushing’s disease, hypogonadism and growth hormone deficiency. Adipose tissue has many other important functions that can be mediated through hormones or substances synthesized and released by adipocytes which include leptin and adiponectin. Hypothyroidism is a common clinical problem seen in obese patients and could contribute to the presence of symptoms such as fatigue and inability to concentrate. Hypogonadism and growth hormone deficiencies are both associated with abdominal obesity. The treatment of these two conditions can result in improving conditioning, muscle strength, and stamina in weight loss, improved metabolic profile, and improved bone density.
- Track 9-1Hormones as a risk factor for obesity
- Track 9-2Thyroid Disorders
- Track 9-3Adrenal and Pituitary Tumors
- Track 9-4Obesity on Leptin
Obese people often have chronic low-level inflammation which can cause DNA damage that leads to cancer. Obese patients are more likely than normal-weight individuals to have disorders that cause chronic local inflammation and that are risk factors for the developing of certain type of cancers. Such as Barrett oesophagus, gallbladder cancer .adipose tissue produces excess amounts of estrogen, elevated levels of estrogen leads to increased risks of breast, endometrial, ovarian, and some other cancers. Obese people often have increased insulin levels in blood and insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1). High levels of insulin and IGF-1 promotes the development of colon, kidney, prostate, and endometrial cancers.
Fat cells produce adipokines, hormones that may stimulate or inhibit cell growth. Fat cells have direct and indirect effects on cell growth regulators, which include mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) and AMP-activated protein kinase. Other mechanisms by which obesity could affect cancer risk include changes in the mechanical properties of altering immune responses and the scaffolding that surrounds breast cells, which effects on the nuclear factor of kappa beta system and oxidative stress. Obesity may also lead to increased cancer-related mortality.
- Track 10-1Obesity and Endometrium Cancer
- Track 10-2Obesity and Gall Bladder Cancer
- Track 10-3Obesity and Pancreatic Cancer
- Track 10-4Obesity and Prostate Cancer
Obesity is associated with many medical complications that can reduce a person life span. Excess weight will increase the risk factor in the development of illnesses, which includes respiratory diseases, chronic kidney diseases, musculoskeletal disorders gastrointestinal and hepatic disorders lower physical functioning performance and psychological problems. Obesity leads to gain more weight, having a high ratio of body fat lead to put muscle strain on bones as well as your internal organs. It also increases inflammation in the body, which result to cause of cancer. Obesity is also a major cause of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular diseases.
- Track 11-1Effect of sedentary lifestyle on obesity
- Track 11-2Environment influence on obesity
- Track 11-3Psychological aspects of obesity
- Track 11-4Obesity and Obstructive Sleep Apnea
Obesity in women is associated with alterations in the reproductive cycle with a reduction in fertility, increased risk of polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) and infrequent or no ovulation. Maternal obesity during pregnancy is fraught with risks to both the mother and baby. Adverse maternal outcomes associated with obesity include an increased risk of spontaneous miscarriage, gestational diabetes, hypertensive disease of pregnancy including gestational proteinuria hypertension with multi-system consequences.
- Track 12-1Hormonal imbalance and obesity
- Track 12-2 Patterns of Maternal Obesity
- Track 12-3Maternal Obesity and Diabetes
Overweight and obesity in childhood and adolescent are known to have significant impact on both physical and psychological health. They are more prone to develop non-communicable diseases like diabetes and cardiovascular diseases at a younger age. Childhood obesity can fondly affect children's physical health, social, and emotional well-being, and self-esteem. Obesity can affect adolescent’s health by high blood pressure and high cholesterol, Osteoarthritis, Diabetes, Cardiovascular Diseases, Sleep apnea and breathing Problems etc.
- Track 13-1Causes of Pediatric obesity
- Track 13-2Complications of obesity
- Track 13-3Role of nutrition in childhood obesity
- Track 13-4Ultra-Processed Foods & Obesity
- Track 13-5Pediatric Surgery & Obesity Management
Weight loss can decrease health risk factors and possibly improve prognosis. Bariatric surgery seems to be the best way for morbidly obese patients to lose weight, assuming that they adhere to principles of risk factor modulation. Weight-loss medications works in most patients who also comply with lifestyle changes, but these drugs have a number of side-effects.Against Obesity Medicine or weight reduction medications are all Pharmacology operators that diminishing or controlling the weight. The medications recommended for the fat people primarily work by either changing an individual's yearning or by the assimilation of additional calories in the body. Weight reduction in people who are fat may decrease wellbeing dangers. Contemplates have found that weight reduction with some solution progresses pulse, blood cholesterol, triglycerides and also insulin resistance. Some examination recommends that long haul utilization of weight reduction drugs may also help people keep off the shed pounds.
- Track 14-1Bariatric Surgery
- Track 14-2Weight Assessment and Non-Surgical Treatment
- Track 14-3Medications Foe Weight loss
- Track 14-4 Potential risks associated with weight loss medications
Treatments for obesity include losing weight through healthy eating, being more physically active, and making other changes to their usual habits. Weight-management programs may help some obesity patient to lose weight or keep from regaining lost weight. Some patients are unable to lose enough weight to improve their health or are unable to keep from regaining weight. In such cases, a doctor may consider adding other treatments, including weight-loss medicines, weight-loss devices, bariatric surgery.
- Track 15-1Liposuction
- Track 15-2 Risks involved in liposuction
- Track 15-3Zerona method
- Track 15-4Trusculpt method
The anti-obesity drug would produce sustained weight loss with minimal side effects. These Drugs that target pathways in metabolic tissues, such as adipocytes, liver and skeletal muscle. Anti-obesity drugs operate through mechanisms such as suppression of the appetite. Amphetamine based drugs result in blocking the cannabinoid receptors which result in appetite suppression.
- Track 16-1Anti-inflammatory
- Track 16-2Antidepressant
- Track 16-3Weight loss medication
- Track 16-4Sympathomimetic drugs
Dietary supplements are vitamins, minerals, herbs, and numerous different items. They can come as pills, capsules, powders, beverages, and vitality bars. Supplements don't need to experience the testing that medications do. A dietary supplement is either proposed to give supplements to expand the amount of their utilization, or to give non-supplement chemicals which are guaranteed to have an organically gainful impact. A dietary supplement is either proposed to give supplements with a specific end goal to expand the amount of their utilization, or to give non-supplement chemicals which are guaranteed to have a naturally useful impact.
- Track 17-1Dietary Supplements Therapies for weight loss
The development and implementation of obesity prevention Drugs that target pathways in metabolic tissues, such as adipocytes, liver and skeletal muscle should target barriers to lifestyle change at personal, environmental and socioeconomic levels and implementation of effective public health strategies to obesity prevention should (1) target the food , the physical activity and the broader socioeconomic ; (2) directly influence behaviour, aiming at improving eating and physical activity b; and (3) support health services and clinical interventions.
- Track 18-1Innovative Weight Reduction Strategies
- Track 18-2Promote the consumption of a nutritious Foods
Obesity has reached epidemic proportions globally and is a major contributor to the global burden of chronic diseases. Dietary factors are the major modifiable factors through which many of the external forces promoting weight gain act.During the past 20 years, obesity among adults has risen significantly. Among youth, 18 per cent of children aged 6-11 years and 21 percent of teens aged 12–19 years are considered obese. Obesity results in adverse metabolic effects on blood pressure, sterol, triglycerides and hypoglycaemic agent resistance. Risks of coronary heart disease, cerebrovascular accident and type 2 diabetes increase with increasing body mass index (BMI), a measure of weight relative to height. Raised Body mass index also will increase the chance of cancer of the breast, colon, prostate, mucous membrane, excretory organ and gall bladder. Mortality rates also increase with increasing body mass index.
- Track 19-1Current Research and Clinical Interventions
- Track 19-2Changing Stem Cell Structure to Control Obesity
- Track 19-3Novel Drugs that target in regulating Obesity
Yoga and Naturopathy treats obesity by correcting underlying imbalance through lifestyle change that requires a plan of care that supports long-term sustainable health .naturopathy practice patient with self-healing property and use the clinical encounter to inspire and guide patients to develop a healthier lifestyle. Practice of Yoga, yogasanas, pranayama, meditation, sun salutation and various exercises is very effective for obesity reduction .These have therapeutic benefits to reduce obesity and prevent related diseases.
- Track 20-1Naturopathy and Healing property
- Track 20-2Stress Management
- Track 20-3Weight loss